WCB Overview

WCB Nova Scotia is the province’s provider of workplace injury insurance.

  • Pursuant to the Workers’ Compensation Act, we provide workplace injury insurance to workers and employers in Nova Scotia. Every day, our employees work to reduce the human and financial impact of workplace injury. We work to prevent workplace injuries, but when it occurs, we are there to provide security from its impact to workers and their families. 
  • We work with employers to help prevent workplace injuries, and to establish strong return to work programs. When injury occurs, we support injured workers to return to work in a safe and timely manner. We provide income replacement benefits, supporting rehabilitation and offering return-to-work assistance. We also provide extended benefits in cases where an injured worker is no longer able to work due to their workplace injury, and we support families in the wake of workplace tragedy.
  • We are a leader in Nova Scotia’s growing workplace safety culture. Our social marketing campaigns spark important conversations and behaviour changes related to workplace safety.


WCB Facts and Figures

  • We provide insurance to 19,500 employers in Nova Scotia and insure 335,000 workers.
  • In any given year, about 50,000 claims receive a payment of some kind with the WCB, a number relatively unchanged in several years.
  • Time-loss injuries have declined more than 30 per cent in the past decade.
  • More than 9 of 10 injured workers are able to return to work at their full pre-injury earnings.
  • WCB Nova Scotia’s unfunded liability for workplace injury has been significantly reduced in recent years. In the early 1990s our funded percentage was 27% - today, we are more than 90% funded.

Our History

The workers’ compensation system in Nova Scotia is founded on The Meredith Principles, developed in 1913. These principles anchor workers’ compensation in Canada. At their core is a simple idea: compromise. Based on the Meredith Principles, workers were eligible for benefits when injury occurred, but in exchange, employers could not be sued. These principles were adopted to form the basis of the Canadian workplace injury insurance, and still guide our work today. In 1915, Nova Scotia’s first Workers’ Compensation Act was proclaimed and, on January 1, 1917, the Workers Compensation Board of Nova Scotia first opened its doors for business. While the work and progress in supporting injury prevention and return to work has evolved over the last 100+ years, the core principles that underline and guide our work have not. To learn more about the history of Workers’ Compensation in Canada, visit The Association of Workers’ Compensation Boards of Canada.